DU&P JOURNAL PRESENTATION
Urban Design and Landscape, DU&P, ISSN 0717 – 9758, is an electronic publication of the Center for Architectural, Urban and Landscape Studies CEAUP, situated in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture. It is included in the record of periodic publications of Universidad Central de Chile. Published biannually in Spanish, in electronic pdf format (Portable Document Format). It has endured uninterruptedly since its inception in April 2005, and it is freely accessible on the World Wide Web at the site http://dup.ucentral.cl/. Editorial guidelines are available on the journal's website.

DU&P is indexed by:

• DOAJ, Directory of Open Access Journals.
• Latindex, Regional Cooperative Online Information System for Scholarly Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal.
• Sherpa / Romeo Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving.
• ISSN, International Standard Serial Number. International Center
• Dialnet • MIAR, Information Matrix for Journal Analysis.
• CRUE, Conference of Rectors of Spanish Universities.
• ROAD, Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources.
• ERIHPLUS, European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences

EDITORIAL BOARD
Legal Representative
• Ricardo Napadensky Bauzá.
President of the Board of Directors of Universidad Central de Chile.

Director and Editor-in-Chief
• Marco Valencia Palacios.

Editorial Team N° 38
• Dr Lucas Períes. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina
• Dr José Hayakawua. Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería, Lima, Perú
• Dr Mario Sobarzo. Department of Philosophy, Universidad de Santiago de Chile
• Mg Alberto Nanclares. Higher Technical School of Architecture of the U. Politécnica de Madrid
• Dr Virginia Arnet. Faculty of Humanities, U. Mayor, Chile
• Dr Jorge Vergara. Faculty of Social Sciences, U. de Valparaíso, Chile
• Dr Walter Imilan. Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, U. Central de Chile
• Dr Javier Figueroa. Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, U. Central de Chile
• Dr Ana María Wegmann. Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, U. Central de Chile
• Dr Marco Valencia. Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, U. Central de Chile
• Mg Alfonso Raposo. Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, U. Central de Chile.
• Professor Martin Hoelscher., Dipl. Urbanist Architect Eng. / Technische Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe / University of Applied Sciences and Art Professor Pere Sala i Martí / Observatorio del Paisaje de Cataluña

DU&P ASSESSORS
• Miguel García Corrales, Landscape Architect. Landscape Ecologist. Master in Tourism Management and Direction. School of Architecture and Landscape, UCEN.
• Claudio Galeno, Dr Architect. School of Architecture. U. Católica del Norte.
• Max Aguirre, Dr Architect. FAU. U. de Chile.
• Gerson Mac Lean, Architect Master in Urban Development. UTEM.
• Sergio Castro, Dr. Biological Sciences. Fac. Chemistry and Biology. USACH. • María Isabel Pavez, Dr Architect. FAU. University of Chile.
• Rodrigo García, Dr Architect. Farcodi. U. Bío Bío.
• Pablo Flores, Architect. Structural Design Principles Diploma
• Anamaría Lisboa, Architect. Dr © in Architecture and Cultural Heritage - Environmental at Universidad de Sevilla, Spain.
• Dr Sergio Alvarado, Associate Professor of the Biostatistics Program, School of Medicine, Universidad de Chile.
• Charif Tala, Veterinarian, Ministry of the Environment.
• Aldo Hidalgo, Dr Architect. USACH Architecture School
• Ricardo Riveros, Landscape Architect, INACAP, Master in Urbanism, Universidad de Chile, Dr © in Architecture and Urbanism, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina.
• Eugenio Ferrer, Architect Universidad de Chile, Master in Arts, with a mention in Theory and History of Art, Universidad de Chile. UCEN Academic.
• María Victoria Correa, PUC Architect, Dr in Conservation of Architectural Assets, Polytechnic of Milan, Italy. USACH Academic.

GRAPHIC DESIGN: Sebastián Chandía.
ENGLISH TRANSLATION: Patricio De Stefani.
STYLE CORRECTION: Matías Sánchez.

JOURNAL CONTACT
Postal Address: Universidad Central de Chile. Escuela de Arquitectura y Paisaje. Av. Santa Isabel 1186 5° Piso. Comuna de Santiago. Santiago de Chile. Official contact email with readers: ceaup@ucentral.cl

Editorial

"The multiple significance of the landscape" is the title of this issue of DU&P with which they seek to cross a set of reflections and perspectives on the landscape dimension of the city and the territory, which aims to go beyond an aesthetic understanding of the concept. In the last decades we have been able to verify how the term "landscape" has been used in a broad sense, both by the urban and architectural discipline and by the social sciences. This notion has been revitalized within the framework of the concern for the existential dimension of space, linked to the memory and cultural practices of social subjects. In this sense, the construction of the landscape is understood as the set of relationships that dialectically interweave the territory and the actors from the configuration of the lived, worked and conceived space, following the tradition inaugurated by Henri Lefebvre. It can be, therefore, an object, a representation or an experience. This is how, from this perspective, landscape studies consider the way in which different communities order and rearrange their space, considering the contributions that have emerged from disciplines as diverse as anthropology, the arts, cultural geography and landscape architecture. This liminal condition has broadened the horizon of meaning of what we understand by landscape, giving it a polysemic condition. The term has many meanings ranging from a topographic, formal or scenic notion to those that incorporate the significance of those who live or contemplate a territory. In this case the landscape is understood in a relational and broad sense, where it is not only reduced to the mere visual perception of the territory represented in an aesthetic way, but it also accounts for the relationships between people and places, which provides the context for life. everyday. The articles that make up this number 38 of DU&P account for different ways of conceptually approaching this concept, and in turn, they reveal various territorial and urban conditions in which the term is operationalized to define the geo-cultural characteristics of a given space - time. The landscape as a cultural construct, accounts for the controversies regarding what we consider should be visible from the hegemonic narratives, as well as from those other alternative and peripheral constructions that build landscapes of resistance and otherness. It is, in this broad color palette, that the stories in the following articles unfold and operationalize an opening concept that circulates, as never before in history, in the speech of specialists, designers, planners and inhabitants of our contemporary cities. The democratization of the use of the word "landscape" as a social desirability and as a political device for valuing and intervening in the territory, today makes it a mestizo, ambiguous, oscillating and expanding concept, which should drive us to a permanent reinterpretation.

URBAN AND TERRITORY STUDIES

In this section we address different views and issues around the territory and landscape from the field of Urban Studies, with emphasis on the cultural and societal dimensions of spatial and symbolic production.

With the title “The Landscape. A machine in development, which does not stop intellectualizing ”, Dr. Federico Londoño offers us a brief historical journey through the notion of the landscape in the Northwest since its emergence at the beginning of the 17th century, proposing, in a didactic way, an itinerary through ancient world and by modernity, accounting for the cognitive models and particular social practices of human communities in the West.

For his part, Jorge Vergara, in the article entitled “La existence preobjetual. Border objects as a mode of order in high-rise residential buildings “describes an ecology of order, typical of vertical buildings, densely populated, predominant in the landscape of the center and pericenter of Greater Santiago and other Chilean cities. Observing the incidence of the objects that define the spatial limits of these urban configurations, an attempt is made to describe the articulation of local practices of coordination and government of this type of buildings and the effects they have on urban governance.

CITY AND POLITICS

In the city, a set of phenomena of diverse nature, both social and political, is expressed, where the ideological dimension manages to crystallize in dynamics of a normative, instrumental, material and spatial order. Both public policies and citizen action appear in this area, along with critical theory, aesthetics or political philosophy.

In "Architecture and politics in the recent history of Argentine architecture, a state of affairs to go back to the sixties and seventies", Dr. María Eugenia Durante contributes to the field of historiography of the recent history of Argentine architecture, from the study of disciplinary and professional exercise and its link with the field of politics and social movements of the mid-20th century. Specifically, the article contributes to problematizing the relationship between architecture and politics between professional practices and militant practices. Traditional authors from the history of local architecture and recent studies that are linked to the history of intellectuals and the student movement in architecture and other disciplinary fields are used.

URBAN AND ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTUALITIES

We conceive of the city as an order in constant transformation and dispute. The design would come to embody the various conceptions, representations and aspirations of making the city and architecture. Project and design theories are debated in this thoughtful endeavor for different scales of intervention.

In the article “Vaults of earth: Nubia and recharged from the Bajío. Inclusion as an alternative for sustainable roofs ”, Elian Moreno Sánchez, in an effort to publicize and warn of the growing trend in the development of earthen construction systems, evokes the diffusion of the Nubian vault system and recharged roofs of the Bajío, which Although they are systems that have conferred a high heritage value on buildings made in the past with these techniques and given the new habitability needs caused by global warming, today they become a source of learning to be applied in contemporary sustainable buildings. from a social, economic and environmentally friendly vision.

For his part, in our Brief Communications section, Miguel García Corrales, in his article entitled: "Vision of the landscape in the academy in Chile and Latin America as an unvalued wealth" addresses the teaching of landscape in Chile and Latin America from the academic institution . In the same section, Francisca Fernández and others in "Biodiverse Garden: Evocations to the Landscape of Central Chile", give an account of the theoretical coordinates for the installation of a landscape project as a laboratory for pedagogical experimentation that addresses the environment from the community scale. Finally, Francisca Diaz in "The contemporary city as a support and the role of the walls for street expression in the social explosion: Chile, October, 2019", takes us into the multicolored landscape with which street art recorded the walls of the center of Santiago, in the heat of the Chilean revolt of 2019.

Además, este número incluye las Secciones COMUNICACIONES BREVES, ACTUALIDAD CEAUP Y RESEÑA DE PUBLICACIONES.